Navigacija
Portal TFL

TFL Vsebine / Revija Poslovodno računovodstvo

Administrativne kršitve ali prekrški: kje je meja med njimi?

AVTOR
dr. Bojan Tičar in dr. Andreja Primec
KLJUČNE BESEDE
prekršek, administrativna kršitev, pravilo lex certa, dihotomija kaznovalnega prava, prekrškovno pravo
KEYWORDS
minor offence, administrative violation, lex certa rule, dichotomy of punitive law, minor offence law
PUBLIKACIJA
Poslovodno računovodstvo, revija o poslovodnem računovodstvu
ŠTEVILKA PUBLIKACIJE
1
LETO
2019
POVZETEK
Prekrški veljajo v kazenskopravni teoriji za milejšo obliko kaznivih ravnanj. Temu primerno so lahko urejeni z akti, ki so na hierarhični lestvici uvrščeni nižje od zakonov, njihovo sankcioniranje pa se praviloma obravnava v hitrem postopku pred različnimi upravnimi organi. Sistemski predpis, ki v RS ureja prekrške, Zakon po prekrških (ZP-1), je z novelo iz leta 2016 (ZP-1J) posegel v dihotomijo kaznivih ravnanj in uvedel še tretjo obliko: administrativne kazni. Sankcioniranje pravnih oseb za administrativne kršitve na taksativno določenih področjih, ki jim je skupna stroga regulativna ureditev, je z novelo izvzeto iz ZP-1, njihova ureditev je prepuščena področnim predpisom. Namen uvedbe administrativnih kršitev je v preventivnem delovanju, da se z relativno visokimi denarnimi kaznimi pravne osebe odvrača od izvrševanja administrativnih kršitev. Zakonodajalec bo pri njihovi uvedbi v področnih predpisih moral spoštovati načelo razločnosti (lex distincta) in jasno razmejiti med administrativnimi kršitvami in regulatornimi prekrški, da ne bo prihajalo do podvajanja kaznivih ravnanj in posledično kršitev načel pravne države.
ABSTRACT / SUMMARY
In punitive law theory, minor offences are deemed to be a less severe form of criminal conduct. Therefore, minor offences can be regulated by acts that are lower than laws in the hierarchy of legal acts, while sanctions for the violation of minor offences are, as a general rule, decided in expedited proceedings before various administrative bodies. In the Republic of Slovenia the systemic regulation that determines minor offences is the Minor Offences Act [ZP-1], which was amended in 2016 [ZP-1J]; this amendment interfered with the established dichotomy of criminal conduct, as it introduced a third type of criminal conduct, i.e. administrative violations. The imposition of sanctions on legal entities for administrative violations in exhaustively listed areas, which have in common strict regulation, was excluded from the Minor Offences Act [ZP-1] by the amendment of the Minor Offences Act [ZP-1J]; administrative violations are to be regulated in specific regulations. The primary purpose of administrative sanctions is preventive, i.e. by prescribing relatively high fines legal entities are deterred from committing administrative violations. The legislature will have to observe the principle that there must be a sufficient difference between legal rules - i.e. lex distincta, and clearly distinguish between administrative violations and minor offences so that there is sufficient differentiation between various types of criminal conduct; lack of such differentiation may result in violations of the principles of a state governed by the rule of law.

Za ogled celotnega dokumenta je potrebna prijava v portal.

Prijava

Še niste uporabnik?

Za brezplačen dostop do vsebin portala Tax-Fin-Lex se registrirajte. Brezplačna registracija vam omogoča:

  • Vpogled v 7 dokumentov
  • Prejemanje e-dnevnika Lex-Novice
  • Prejemenje e-tednika TFL Glasnik
Potrebujete pomoč? Pokličite nas na 01 432 42 43 ali pošljite sporočilo.
 
x Dialog title
dialog window